Venus Planet is the second planet from the Sun. It is a rocky planet, many similarities have been observed in Venus and our planet, and that is why Venus is also called our Earth’s Sister Planet. Venus can be seen in the sky in the morning and in the evening, which shines like a star in the morning. That is why the planet Venus is also called the morning and evening star.
Venus Planet is one of the four rocky planets of our solar system, meaning that the surface of Venus is also as solid as the surface of our Earth. Venus is not visible in the atmosphere of the planet due to dense clouds, but after the twentieth century, Venus was sent to the planet. There were several missions that mapped the surface of Venus. The Magellan mission, which was sent in 1990-91, told us that there is too much volcano on the surface of Venus, And in its environment, there is a lot of poisonous gas like sulfur etc..
Approximately 80% of Venus’s surface is surrounded by volcanic plains, in which 70% of the various structures are found on the part, And at the same time, 10% of its area is completely plains. Venus planet has two main continents, its northern continent is known as istar terra, which is equal to Australia in size. The highest peak of Venus is Maxwell Monts. This peak is also located on the same northern continent of Planet, istar Terra of Venus Planet. The second continent of planet Venus is known as the Ephrodite terra, which is located in the southern part of it, and it is the largest of Venus’s main continents and its size is nearly equal to South America.
The study of pit and crater formed on the planet’s surface shows that it was discovered, that the surface of this planet was built around 300 to 600 million years ago. Which is very less according to the age of our solar system. On the surface of Venus, about 167 large volcanoes have been found in its 100-kilometer range. In the atmosphere of Venus, we find some facts that point out that the volcanoes are still active. During the Soviet Venera program, Venera-9 detected the occurrence of lightning on the surface of Venus. After this, the Venera-12 and many other probes also detected the same phenomenon of lightning shaking on the planet’s planet, From this, it was estimated that this lightning phenomenon occurred due to its active volcanoes. The pits and craters formed on the surface of Venus are from 3 kilometers to 280 kilometers of diameter, But none of these craters is smaller than 3 kilometers, Because the celestial objects that collide with the planet Venus are about 50 kilometers and they collapse in the dense atmosphere of planet Venus and burns completely and their speed also decreases, Which does not reach its surface either. And if reaching, then do not make a big crater.
Venus Planet is exactly like our earth, its shape and texture are exactly like our earth. And it is also believed that the inner part should be exactly like our earth. Therefore it is believed that Venus is also made up of three layers, its crust at the top, the mantle below it and the core in its center. But no evidence of having tectonic plates on Venus found.
The atmosphere of Venus Planet is very dense, approximately 96.5% of carbon dioxide is found in its environment, besides 3.5% nitrogen and traces of other gases, in which sulfur dioxide is the main. Venus planet’s density is 65 kilograms per meter cubic above its surface, which is 50 times more than the density of our Earth’s atmosphere, Also, the total weight of the gases found in Venus planet environment is about 93 times higher than the gases found on our planet. Atmospheric pressure on Venus is 92 times more than our Earth. So much pressure on our earth is found at 1 kilometer downstream in the ocean. Because of its environment 96% carbon dioxide, the planet’s most powerful greenhouse effect is produced on the planet Venus, which leads to its atmospheric temperature at least 462 degrees Celsius.
Mercury is the closest to the planet and Venus is far more than the planet Mercury to the Sun. Venus planet receives only 25% solar radiation from the Sun compared to Mercury, but Venus’s temperature is much higher than Mercury’s planet. The maximum temperature on the planet Mercury was recorded at 420 degree Celsius and the lowest temperature was recorded at -220 degrees, which is in its night part, The lowest temperature on the planet Venus was recorded on its highest peak Maxwell months, where the temperature lasts 380 degrees Celsius, And the average temperature on Venus has been recorded at 462 degrees Celsius, which is more than the temperature of Mercury.
The temperature on Venus remains almost the same because the winds running here run very slowly. The density of its atmosphere is very high, along with the wind, the dust on the surface of Venus also goes along with it which helps in carrying heat from one place to another, And because of this, the temperature remains almost the same on Venus, even if there is a time of day or night on Venus, whether it is in front of the sun or somewhere else.
Obit and Rotation
The planet Venus is located 108 million kilometers from our Sun. It turns around the sun in its circular shape due to its proximity to the Sun in its orbit and. The orbital eccentricity of Venus is less than 0.01. Venus completes an orbit of the sun in approximately 224.7 days, but if we talk about one day on the same planet Venus, it is a day of about 243 earth days, This means that one day on Venus is larger than one year on the planet Venus.
All the planets in our solar system rotate around the Sun in the counterclockwise direction, but Venus is the planet of our solar system that revolves around the sun in the clockwise direction.
Venus Planet has no natural satellites, but in the 17th century Giovanni Cassini in his report said that Venus is a satellite of the planet which is doing it orbit, this satellite was named Neith, The news of seeing it for about 200 years was coming but it was a star.
A study conducted at the California Institute of Technology’s early model of our solar system, it was discovered that Venus was also a satellite near the planet that was made of a large collision. Approximately 10 million years after its formation, there was a terrible collision between Venus and some celestial body, which also transformed the rotation direction of Venus and its satellite gradually started moving towards Venus, and at one point it came to its satellite Collided with Venus. Now in the future, whatever satellites of Venus will be created, it is likely that their end will be exactly the same.
Life on Venus
Looking at the atmosphere of Venus, we can say that Venus cannot have life on the planet that needs water. It is impossible to have human life on the planet Venus because there is no water in the atmosphere of Venus and its atmosphere is very dense. Because Venus does not have its own magnetosphere, the sun’s dangerous radiation can easily end any species living on this planet. Apart from this, acid rain and other dangerous toxic substances and gases are found in this environment which makes our life impossible on Venus. The temperature of Venus is also a big reason that we can not think of life on Venus, but yes it may be in the upper atmosphere of the planet Venus, Approximately 50 kilometers above its surface, where the temperature ranges from about 30 degrees Celsius to 80 degrees Celsius. There we can make floating cities. This floating city is a new hope for the life that can happen on another planet.
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